Some prepositions decline to denote person and number. 'Gan' is one of them. Here are the declined forms of 'gan':
|gennyf i||gennym ni|
|gennyt ti||gennych chi|
|ganddo fe||ganddyn nhw|
In some dialects of North Wales you will hear:
|gen i||gynnon ni|
|gen ti||gynnoch chi|
|ganddo fe||gynnyn nhw|
The different meanings of 'gan''
Most prepositions have more than one meaning. Here are some of the most common meanings of 'gan':
Mae car newydd ganddi hi
She has a new car
1. To denote possession
|Cyfieithwyd y Beibl gan William Morgan||The Bible was translated by William Morgan|
3. A preposition corresponding to 'while, as' in English. It is used to refer to something which is happening at the same time as someone else.
|Aeth e, gan feddwl dychwelyd nes ymlaen||He went, thinking about returning later on|
4. 'Gan' is used in some expressions in North Wales.
|Beth sydd orau ganddo fe?||What does he prefer?|
|Mae'n edifar ganddi hi||She regrets|
|Mae'n flin gen i||I'm sorry|
|'waeth gen i||I don't mind|
|Mae'n well gen i||I prefer|
|Mae'n dda gen i||I'm glad/I'm pleased|
5. To describe illness.
|mae cur pen gen i||I have a headache|
|Mae pigyn clust ganddo fe||He has earache|
|mae cefn tost ganddi hi||She has a bad back/sore back|
6. Gan can mean 'because, since':
|Awn ni i'r traeth gan fod y tywydd yn braf||We will go to the beach since the weather is fine|
7. Gan can also mean 'from'
|Cafodd e gar newydd gan ei dad||He got a new car from his dad|
Some sayings containing the preposition 'gan'
|gan bwyll||carefully; watch it!|
|gan hynny||because of that|
|gan mwyaf||on the whole|